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Author(s): Mikhail A. Golubkov, Valentine Y. Myagkov

Title: GMO-based or Organic Agriculture: What Choice Might be Better for Food Security in the Long Term Perspective?

Source: International Scientific Days 2018 :: Towards Productive, Sustainable and Resilient Global Agriculture and Food Systems :: Proceedings

ISBN: 978-80-7598-180-6


Publisher: Wolters Kluwer ČR, Prague

PY, pages: 2018, 74-85

Published on-line: 2018-11-09

Language: eng

Abstract: Taking into account emerging fundamental challenges to the food security such as climate change and population growth, a number of countries has started to implement into practice two alternative ways to the agricultural production, that are technologically opposed to each other, but jointly they are forming alternative approaches to the conventional agriculture. First of them is based on the genetic engineering and creation genetic modified organisms (GMO), and the second one – on organic production technologies. The article considers international experiences of the implementation of these two approaches, their effects in socio-economic dimensions and impact on the food security and the food safety. Basing on assessment of examples of the implementation of modern approaches in agriculture in international practice, the article provides suggestions on possible stategrade actions that can be considered for insuring the development of organic agriculture as an important prerequisite of the food security and the food safety in the future.

Keywords: GMO, organic agriculture, agricultural policies, food security, food safety

JEL Classification: Q12, Q13, Q16, Q17, Q18

Rights:Open Access :: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 4.0 International Licence
Creative Commons License
Toto dielo je publikované pod/This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence.