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Author(s): Pavel Kotyza, Josef Slaboch, Andrzej Hornowski

Title: Self-Sufficiency of Selected Commodities in Visegrad Countries

Source: International Scientific Days 2018 :: Towards Productive, Sustainable and Resilient Global Agriculture and Food Systems :: Proceedings

ISBN: 978-80-7598-180-6


Publisher: Wolters Kluwer ČR, Prague

PY, pages: 2018, 145-157


Published on-line: 2018-11-09

Language: eng

Abstract: This paper deals with the development of self-sufficiency in selected commodities in the Visegrad countries (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia) between 2006 and 2016. The data are drawn from the statistical offices of the individual countries in the form of production/consumption balances. This contribution aims to measure self-sufficiency of Visegrad countries in selected (most important) commodities (wheat, eggs, potatoes, beef, poultry and pork), characterise its direction of development and influencing factors. The results show that the Czech Republic is self-sufficient in production of wheat and beef. On the other hand, Czech Republic is unable to cover domestic consumption in potatoes, eggs, pork and poultry. In poultry or pork meat, the situation is very alarming, the degree of self-sufficiency is only 55% and 63% respectively. The situation in Slovakia is very similar to the Czech Republic. In eggs, wheat and beef; the degree of self-sufficiency is above 100%. However, in potatoes, pork and poultry meat, Slovakia does not cover consumption by domestic production. Poland, except for a few years in the case of wheat and pork, is fully self-sufficient in all other commodities evaluated. Also in Hungary, the degree of self-sufficiency is close 100% or above.

Keywords: Commodities, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Self-sufficiency, Slovakia, Visegrad

JEL Classification: Q18, R14

Rights:Open Access :: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 4.0 International Licence
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Toto dielo je publikované pod/This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence.