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Author(s): F. T.Nezhmetdinova, M.I. Guryleva, B. G. Ziganshin, A.V. Dmitriev

Title: Social and Ethics-Legal Aspects of Bioeconomy

Source: International Scientific Days 2018 :: Towards Productive, Sustainable and Resilient Global Agriculture and Food Systems :: Proceedings

ISBN: 978-80-7598-180-6


Publisher: Wolters Kluwer ČR, Prague

PY, pages: 2018, 158-170


Published on-line: 2018-11-09

Language: eng

Abstract: The article discusses the ethical and legal problems of regulation of the introduction of modern biotechnology in agriculture. First and foremost is biotechnology and genetic engineering. The main objective of this study was to identify the best practices of social regulation negative effects of modern biotechnology on the basis of a comparative review of European and Russian legal regulations of food safety. The study also focuses on the risks of introduction of biotechnology in agriculture and provides general classification of them namely food, agricultural, environmental, patent, social and ethical. Based on the analysis of the best European practices, the article concludes the necessity of international quality standards on risk assessment of quality and food safety in the Russian Federation. Despite the fact that the risk assessment system is used already for some time, consumers don't always trust the reliability of the results. One explanation of this fact is that a national food safety system in the past had problems with the timely alert about the potential dangers of certain products. In many countries the reason for the rejection of certain products, the manipulation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) can be social and ethical views. Such conflicts often reflect deeper issues relating to the interaction between human society and nature – issues that must be fully taken into account in any attempt of public communication. Proposed human expertise in the form of agrobioethics similar to bioethics in biomedical technology is understood as a mechanism of social control and regulation of the new «life systems" in the Bioeconomy.

Keywords: bioeconomy, biotechnology, genetic engineering, risk, law, bioethics, agrobioethics

JEL Classification: O13,O33, Q16

Rights:Open Access :: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 4.0 International Licence
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Toto dielo je publikované pod/This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence.