Author(s): Paula Bajdor, Anna Brzozowska
Title: Expenditure on Environmental Protection, Taxes and Innovations as Determinants of the Level of Sustainability in Agriculture
Source: International Scientific Days 2018 :: Towards Productive, Sustainable and Resilient Global Agriculture and Food Systems :: Proceedings
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer ČR, Prague
PY, pages: 2018, 894-906
Published on-line: 2018-11-09
Abstract: The issue of sustainable development occurs in almost every kind of activity among all sectors, including agriculture as well. At the moment, the agriculture is facing many challenges, not only in the form of
higher productivity, efficiency or consolidation, but it should also fulfil some certain criteria which are related to sustainable development. Today, agriculture should be more ecological, use resources in a more efficient way and try to
use renewable sources instead of non-renewable. But it is not all, the sustainability of agriculture could be also measured by certain expenditures such as environmental protection, taxes and innovations, which can also describe the level
of sustainability in agriculture. Having in mind that agriculture is one of the most important sectors in all EU countries, it is worth to conduct such an analysis, which allow determining the level of sustainability in agriculture among
all EU countries. Thus, the purpose of the article is to check the level of these expenditures in order to outline in which UE countries a sustainable agriculture is present.
Keywords: sustainable development, sustainable agriculture, analysis, expenditures, environment protection, taxes, innovation
JEL Classification: N53, O13, Q15
Rights:Open Access :: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 4.0 International Licence
Toto dielo je publikované pod/This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence.
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