Author(s): Sławomir Kalinowski
Title: The Working Poor in the European Union
Source: International Scientific Days 2018 :: Towards Productive, Sustainable and Resilient Global Agriculture and Food Systems :: Proceedings
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer ČR, Prague
PY, pages: 2018, 977-991
Published on-line: 2018-11-09
Abstract: The aim of this study was an attempt to identify the working population at risk of poverty in the 28 European Union countries. Also, this paper attempts to define the poor population and to subsequently determine its levels and structures.
It was noticed that the size and scope of poverty mostly depend on the intensity of work while the responders’ age plays a minor role. As noted in this paper, the greatest risk of poverty affects those who work for up to 20% of their
full annual potential working time, as well as representatives of two opposite age brackets: young people aged 15-24 and people over 65. This paper emphasizes the relative nature of the poverty risk, which depends on the location and
the socio-economic development level of the country concerned. In EU countries, the distribution of poverty depends on the position held by individuals on the labor market, including the intensity of work. The EU-SILC studies identify
five types of work intensity: very low (0.0-0.2), low (0.2-0.45), medium (0.45-0.55), high (0.55-0.85) and very high (0.85-1), depending on the full annual potential working time. The higher is the intensity of work, the lower is the
risk of poverty. Empirical materials are based on EU-SILC (European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions) partial studies which provide a reference point for comparing the EU income distribution and social integration statistics.
Keywords: Standard of living, working poor, poverty risk, European Union, social exclusion
JEL Classification: O12, I32, D81, J81, P46, Z13
Rights:Open Access :: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 4.0 International Licence
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