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Author(s): Radomíra Hornyák Gregáňová, Miriam Pietriková, Dana Országhová

Title: Science and Research as Important Part of Agricultural Sciences

Source: International Scientific Days 2018 :: Towards Productive, Sustainable and Resilient Global Agriculture and Food Systems :: Proceedings

ISBN: 978-80-7598-180-6


Publisher: Wolters Kluwer ČR, Prague

PY, pages: 2018, 1897-1907

Published on-line: 2018-11-09

Language: eng

Abstract: The aim of the paper is to evaluate the position of science and research in the agricultural sciences based on selected indicators but not only in the retrospective but also to outline possible trends in this area. Through by the mathematical and statistical methods, we will evaluate the volume and structure of funds which to support for science and research in agricultural sciences for the period 2003 - 2016. Agriculture has a specific position in the economy of each country, closely related to the functions it provides for society. The most important is function production, through which it ensures the production of food for society. But also non-productive functions of agriculture are also important. It is above all an environmental function, which includes the protection of individual components of the environment as well as landscaping. The purpose of this function is to care of the country. The Strategy Paper "The Strategy for the Development of Slovak Society by 2020" states, that the aim of strategy in the research and development will be to support the creation of new knowledge, the cooperation of the research sector with economic practice and with the European institutions, which will ultimately contribute to more efficient of the technological development and for the innovative progress based on domestic research. Despite the fact, that science and research in the agriculture sciences is predominantly focused on obtaining results that can be directly applied in practice, this area is not adequately financing. This is closely related with the low motivation of young researchers to work in this area. Therefore, one of the partial aims of the paper is also an evaluation of the development of the number of employees in the agricultural science and research. The each country should be supporting and developing of efficient agriculture sector. The result of this policy should be food security for society and sustainable land development. The science and research they can make a significant contribution to tackling the unfavourable situation in the agriculture and protecting of the sustainable development. One of the steps taken by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of the Slovak Republic to support not only the science and research in the agriculture is the establishment of the Agricultural Policy Institute, which has the ambition to be an analytical department of the Ministry. Its mission is to improve the decision-making of the ministry through data analysis and the subsequent creation of forecasts in the agriculture, food, forestry and rural development.

Keywords: Agricultural sciences, science and research, financing, researchers

JEL Classification: C22, Q01, O34

Rights:Open Access :: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 4.0 International Licence
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Toto dielo je publikované pod/This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence.