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Author(s): Katarína Baráthová, Artan Qineti

Title: Comparative Advantages of the United Kingdom's Agri-food Trade in Relation to the EU

Source: International Scientific Days 2018 :: Towards Productive, Sustainable and Resilient Global Agriculture and Food Systems :: Proceedings

ISBN: 978-80-7598-180-6


Publisher: Wolters Kluwer ČR, Prague

PY, pages: 2018, 2378-2389

Published on-line: 2018-11-09

Language: eng

Abstract: The United Kingdom as a member of the EU can enjoy full access to the Single European Market. In terms of agri-food trade, the EU is UK’s most important trading partner. However, in June 2016, the UK opted to leave EU. This decision will significantly influence the whole economy of the UK including agri-food trade. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to examine development and comparative advantages of The United Kingdom’s agri-food trade with respect to the EU-27 markets. The analysis is based on Balassa index and its stability over the period. Agri-food trade data used in paper are classified according to the Harmonised System (HS). The data were acquired from Eurostat Comext database and cover the period 2000-2016. An analysis showed that over the period, the UK was able to retain comparative advantages only in three categories – HS 03 Fish, HS 21 Miscellaneous edible preparations, HS 22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar. In the rest of agri-food commodities the declining trend can be observed and in 2016 the UK had comparative disadvantages in 21 agri-food commodities. Based on the results of regression analysis focused on the stability of distribution of Balassa indices over time, we can conclude that the degree of specialization in the agri-food trade between the United Kingdom and the rest of the EU has been decreasing as the number of commodity groups with a comparative advantage has been declining. With respect to Brexit, the agrarian trade of the UK deserves special attention, because the potential increases in trade costs are expected to affect the UK proportionally more than the EU27.

Keywords: agri-food trade, Balassa index, comparative advantage, the United Kingdom

JEL Classification: F10, F14, Q17

Rights:Open Access :: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 4.0 International Licence
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Toto dielo je publikované pod/This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence.