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Author(s): Zuzana Bajusová, Ľubomír Gurčík, Peter Bajus, Mária Gulová

Title: Business Entities in the Rural Areas as the Actors of Competitiveness and Sustainable Development of Regions

Source: International Scientific Days 2018 :: Towards Productive, Sustainable and Resilient Global Agriculture and Food Systems :: Proceedings

ISBN: 978-80-7598-180-6


Publisher: Wolters Kluwer ČR, Prague

PY, pages: 2018, 2520-2536

Published on-line: 2018-11-09

Language: eng

Abstract: Nowadays, there is a growing interest in regional competitiveness, but it should be noted that such competitiveness is a very broad concept and involves many sectional areas and the factors that affect it. Agriculture is one of the oldest industries and can be considered as an important part of the national economy of the state. A suitable business environment is one of the target instruments to ensure the competitiveness of the regions, which increases the awareness of the region itself. The priority of farms is to create the right conditions for the sustainability and competitiveness of the regions, to protect the environment in the most efficient way and to constantly apply new knowledge from science, research and development, thereby increasing the potential for new business creation in the agro-sector. The aim of the paper is to evaluate the influence of businesses in the agricultural sector that significantly influence the development and competitiveness of regions. An important aspect in terms of competitiveness of the region is to provide citizens with a higher standard of living. However Slovakia is characterized by significant regional disparities, to which belong disparities in regional competitiveness. The paper is focused on assessment of business structure within the agricultural sector operating in Slovakia and the assessment of the representation of agriculture at regional level calculated on the basis of the location index. Within the Slovak regions at levels NUTS I Slovak Republic and NUTS III Košice region are evaluated socio-economic indicators such as development of the employment in agriculture, the share of gross domestic product, gross value added, and these can be described as indicators to assess the overall competitiveness of the region. The research is focused on the comparison of the development of comparative indicators of economic level of the agricultural sector in the Kosice region to developments in whole Slovakia. According to the results of the research it is necessary to point out the fact that Slovak agriculture is currently in a complicated economic situation, caused by the economic crisis and the failing market due to a large number of externalities. The highest representation in the agricultural sector is in the western Slovakia, and moving towards eastern Slovakia, results are reduced to the level of sub-representative representation. For the development of the Košice region, it would be appropriate to attract both domestic and foreign investors and try to keep as many qualified and educated people as possible, as well as having a sufficient interest in increasing competitiveness in this region. The results of the paper show that agriculture in the Košice region is developing in a negative direction.

Keywords: region, competitiveness, entrepreneurial subject, agriculture, socio-economic indicators

JEL Classification: R11, J1, J43

Rights:Open Access :: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 4.0 International Licence
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