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Autor(i)/Author(s): Ulrike Krippner, Dagmar Grimm-Pretner

Názov/Title: Shaping an Urban Riverscape The Planning and Design of Danube Island and the New Danube in Vienna, 1969–1988

Zdrojový dokument/Source: Plants in Urban Areas and Landscape :: PUAL

Typ dokumentu/Document Type: Scientific paper

ISSN: 2585-9811

ISBN: 978-80-552-2164-9


Vydavateľ/Publisher: Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra

Rok, strany/PY, pages: 2020, 28-34

Publikované online/Published on-line: 2020-04-17

Jazyk/Language: eng

Abstract: Within the last 150 years, two major flood-protection projects have fundamentally changed the Danube riverscape in Vienna. The first project, in the 1870s, involved straightening the river in one main bed with a large parallel inundation area. Between 1969 and 1989, the inundation area was transformed into a 21 kilometre long island and a parallel flood-relief channel. The paper investigates the development of the project, the shift in planning strategies, and its effect on the design of the island and river banks. The research is based on a literature review and analyses of urban planning concepts, design concepts, site construction plans, and planting schemes. An interactive planning process, the Vienna Model, was developed to coordinate the large number of actors and manage their controversial planning strategies and goals. Owing to the long ongoing planning and realization process, the requirements and objectives of this large urban riverscape project have changed over time. Besides the need for flood protection, concerns about urban recreation, ecology, and landscape protection have gained in importance. Within the Vienna Model’s organizational structure, the flood-protection project with all its technical requirements evolved into a multifunctional riverscape. Today, Danube Island and the New Danube are crucial elements in Vienna’s urban fabric. This artificial landscape is extremely popular for urban recreation and activities; it contains vital semi-natural sections and has coped with five major floods since 1991. A close look at the complex planning process and the successful landscape design of the Vienna Danube region provides crucial indicators for large urban river projects. Urban riverscape projects need to be innovative and require a multidisciplinary team to tackle the diverse challenges. They need a strong design framework to cope with and respond to changes in demand, use, and management. And, above all, they need to serve multiple functions, including flood protection, recreation, ecology, and nature conservation.

Keywords: Danube, flood protection, landscape design, recreation, Vienna

Práva/Rights: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence
Creative Commons License
Toto dielo je publikované pod/This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.