Názov/Title: Bielkovinový komplex včelích peľových obnôžok / Protein complex of bee pollen
Typ dokumentu/Document Type: Vedecká monografia / Scientific Monograph
Autori/Authors: Ján Brindza, Vladimíra Horčinová Sedláčková, Olga Grygorieva
ISBN: ISBN 978-80-552-2296-7
Vydavateľ/Publisher: Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Slovakia
Rok, strany/PY, pages: 2020, 106 p.
Publikované online/Published on-line: 2020-12-31
Abstrakt/Abstract Microscopic plant pollen is an irreplaceable primary source of protein and other organic nutrients for the honeybee and many pollinators. Honeybees have created an
ingenious system for collecting pollen grains from blooming plant flowers, which they form with nectar and salivary substances into bee pollen and transport it to hives in this form for direct use and
further ingenious technological processing into other bee products. Concurrently, through the process of collecting pollen grains from flowering plants, they ensure an irreplaceable process of plant pollination,
which ensures the production of seeds and fruits for the food security of humankind. Bee pollen represent a unique natural product created by conjunction several hundred thousand to a million pollen grains. It is a
great product for beehives but also for human nutrition, which is still insufficiently recognized and unappreciated. In the first part, the aim of the compilers team in the presented professional publication
was to point out the proteins and alpha-amino acids, which form the basic components of proteins. The issue acquaints the readers of the publication with basic knowledge about proteins and amino acids with the current
documentation of the knowledge of authors team as well as some interesting knowledge from bibliographic references. The second part of the publication deals with the basic characteristics of individual proteinogenic
amino acids and selected physicochemical properties. At the same time, an overview of the determined content in selected plant species is prepared for each amino acid according to the bibliographic references.
The presented knowledge about the content of proteins and amino acids in bee pollen points to the complexity of the problem, mainly due to specific differences between plants. These specificities in the protein and
amino acid content of bee pollen are in the thousands of plant species from which bees collect and use pollen grains together with other components such as carbohydrates, lipids, fatty acids, vitamins, minerals and
biologically active substances. They represent the basis of the specific nutritional, but also the therapeutic value of bee pollen. This issue is very complex and requires the beekeeping community as well as
consumers and processors of bee pollen to understand the unappreciated value of these natural products created by ingenious bee colonies, while ensuring the protection of the bee colony themselves for their irreplaceable
ecological services in pollinating plants.
Kľúčové slová/Keywords: bee pollen, pollen grains, protein complex, proteinogenic amino acids
Toto dielo je publikované pod/This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International Licence
Plný text/Fulltext (Flipbook)