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Author(s): Artan Qineti, Kushtrim Braha, Andrej Cupák, Ján Pokrivčák, Miroslava Rajčániová

Title: Demand for food diversity in the case of Kosovo

Source: International Scientific Days 2016. The Agri-Food Value Chain: Challenges for Natural Resources Management and Society

Document Type: Scientific paper

ISBN: 978-80-552-1503-7


Publisher: Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra

PY, pages: 2016, 964-975

Published on-line: 2016-06-24

Language: eng

Abstract: Food nutrition security (FNS) is a multidisciplinary term that encompasses a set of the complex economic and social determinants. Recent food spikes were raising concerns on the food and nutrition security at all its levels (global, national, household and individual). In this paper we estimate demand for food diversity in Kosovo. Theoretical framework suggests that food diversity serves as a proxy for food and nutritional status at the household level. Here we employ standard OLS in order to estimate the impact of income (and other determinants) on the demand for the food diversity. Further, we compute relevant anthropometric indicator (Body Mass Index) in order to access the state of the FNS at the individual level. For the purpose of empirical estimation we use the HBS data on Kosovo covering the period 2005-2012. The main findings suggest that food diversity in Kosovo marked important improvement over the time period observed, reflecting the impact of rising income as a key determinant of the food diet. The pattern of the household food consumption remained diversified over the time period observed, but restricted by the low level of income. Food diversity in the urban households is significantly higher than in rural areas. Individual variables in the most of the cases were determined as significant. Anthropometric estimates were evidencing that prevalence of undernourishment is particularly critical in the case of school-age children, while the main nutritional problem among the adults is overweight.

Keywords: food and nutritional security, food diversity, BMI, Kosovo

JEL Classification: C12, D12, I15, Q18

Rights: Open Access :: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence
Creative Commons License
Toto dielo je publikované pod/This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.