Author(s): Luboš Smutka, Miroslav Svatoš, Pavel Kotyza
Title: Transformation of Polish Sugar Market
Source: International Scientific Days 2018 :: Towards Productive, Sustainable and Resilient Global Agriculture and Food Systems :: Proceedings
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer ČR, Prague
PY, pages: 2018, 191-208
Published on-line: 2018-11-09
Abstract: Poland and its sugar market represents very specific phenomenon among countries producing beet sugar. Polish sugar industry, as one of the few in the former Eastern bloc, survived its own clinical death. Despite significant reduction in the number of sugar factories from 76 (2001) to only 18 (2017), Polish sugar industry kept considerable production capacity. Main aim of presented contribution is to identify main
trends and important specifics connected to Polish sugar industry development between 2000 and 2017. Polish market underwent significant restructuring that on one side resulted in significant reduction of amount of sugar refineries
and sugar beet producers. On the other hand, it resulted in considerable concentration of production capacities among subjects that successfully passed the transformation phase. Total amount of farmers producing sugar beet decreased
from about 112 thousand in 2000 to just 34 thousand in 2017. Although this reduction seems to be very drastic, in reality, sugar sector was able to absorb successfully this change and finally the sector became much stronger.
Between 2000 and 2017, total sugar beet production is almost unchanged at the level of 12 million tonnes. The decline in sugar beet harvested area was substituted by a significant increase in yields and by an increase in average sugar
content. Also, sugar production remained almost unchanged and during the period oscillated around the level of 2 million tonnes. Only four players (Krajowa Spolka Cukrowa S.A., Nordzucker Polska S.A., Pfeifer&Langen, Südzucker Polska S.A.)
control all production capacities. The market is highly oligopolistic. Results of the competitiveness analysis of sugar foreign trade concluded, that Polish sugar exports have a considerable potential. But extreme territorial concentration
is seen as weak point.
Keywords: market, production, capacities, trade, transformation, process, Poland
JEL Classification: Q02, Q13, Q17
Rights:Open Access :: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 4.0 International Licence
Toto dielo je publikované pod/This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence.
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