Author(s): Patrik Rovný, Dušan Dobák, Zdenka Kádeková
Title: Algorithm for Calculating Size and Number of Dairy Cattle for Earning Small Family Farm´s Living in Conditions of the Slovak Republic
Source: International Scientific Days 2018 :: Towards Productive, Sustainable and Resilient Global Agriculture and Food Systems :: Proceedings
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer ČR, Prague
PY, pages: 2018, 1796-1809
Published on-line: 2018-11-09
Abstract: Slovakia's agricultural policy is based on the Common Agricultural Policy ("CAP").
One of the objectives of the CAP reform in the dairy sector is to contribute to increasing
its competitiveness and market orientation, especially in view of the increasing
demand for milk and dairy products in the world market. The reform of the SPP in
the milk and dairy products sector has focused production on market requirements
and the aid is not linked to production but is geared to meeting food safety, animal
welfare and environmental requirements.
The aim of the submitted paper was to calculate the minimum size and the minimum
number of dairy cattle needed to cover the consumer expenditures of the family
farm farming in mountain production conditions in the Slovak Republic. As a small
family farm, we defined a 4-member family - 2 adults and 2 children, based on the
assumption that the family will not process milk but will sell it. We also assume that
the family will not employ other workers. The calculations show that to cover household
consumption expenditures, which was amounted to 18,607 Euros in 2015, the
area of the meadows is 40.85 ha and the area of the pastures is 28.83 ha, which together
represents 69.68 ha of agricultural land. Regarding the structure of cattle, the
farm will record 10 dairy cows, 5 calves, 9.39 heifers, 0.44 heavily pregnant cows and
6.37 fattening cattle. If a farm will record higher farmland sizes and higher animal
numbers, it will only have a positive economic impact on family management.
Keywords: farm size, agricultural land, dairy production, costs
JEL Classification: Q12
Rights:Open Access :: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 4.0 International Licence
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